Tropical Grasslands (2007) Volume 41, 277284
Morpho-phenological variation in Lablab purpureus
S.U. EWANSIHA1, U.F. CHIEZEY2, S.A. TARAWALI1, 3 AND E.N.O. IWUAFOR2
1 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
(IITA), Kano Station, PMB 3112, Kano, Nigeria
The morphological and phenological variations in 46 accessions of Lablab purpureus were evaluated in 2000 and 2001 at Samaru, Zaria in the moist savanna zone of Nigeria. Accessions were classified into various groups according to plant structure, flowering time, and pod and seed characters. Based on flowering time, 6 maturity groups were identified: very early (4050 days after planting) (7 accessions), early (5160 days)(20), intermediate (6180 days)(4), late (91110 days)(6), very late (111130 days)(8) and extremely late (131150 days)(1). In 140 days, nitrogen production increased from 15 kg/ha for the very early-flowering accessions to 159 kg/ha for the late-flowering accessions and then decreased to 135 kg/ha for the extremely late-flowering accession with a mean nitrogen yield of 64.1 kg/ha. Fifteen accessions were identified as having potential for fresh pod production and 11 accessions for grain with a smaller number suitable for both grain and fodder production.